Each spring, farmers climb the Himalayas to find the softest hairs on the mountain goats. In order for the goats to survive the high altitudes on the mountains, they grow inner hairs underneath the thick coat. These smaller hairs are the ones that are generally chosen to be woven into the scarves.
The yarn from the goat hair is too fragile for the power weavers which is why it needs to be done by hand, especially if a person wants to buy a genuine, 100% Pashmina Scarf. To put it into terms visually, the goat hair is about as fine as human hair which explains the delicate process each scarf has to go through. The art and skill of weaving has been passed down by generations and is still being passed down today. The fringes one sees on each scarf takes hours to make. Not only on the scarves, but the fringe found on other Pashmina Items. It is said that the weavers who have passed the trade down have possibly known the trade since the Moghul Empire.
The dyeing process is also done by experienced people and has been passed down from generations. The particular process requires patience and if it is rushed, then it shows on the scarf that is being dyed and is considered inadequate. The people who make them only use natural dyes to ensure the natural process of how the whole scarf is made.
The whole process from start to finish includes: collecting the fibers, spinning the fibers, weaving in the hand looms, mending the white pieces, washing the white pieces to remove the spots, dyeing, adding the fringe, embroidery, ironing, and packaging.
Looking at the meticulous process of just making one scarf, buyers wonder why they can be expensive. However, the price is worth it considering the materials and processes are all eco-friendly and some of the unique fashion accessories anyone could have. For those who buy embroidered pieces, that is also another lengthy step in the making of the scarves. The embroidery is all done by hand which makes it imperfectly perfect. Each person who buys a genuine Pashmina Scarf will know that theirs is not like any other in the world.